Gordon growth model (Constant growth dividend discount model): assumes that dividends will grow indefinitely at a constant growth rate. The value of the stock is calculated as:
Calculate the value of a stock that paid a $10 dividend last year, if dividends are expected to grow forever at 6% and the required rate of return on equity is 8%.
D1 = D0 x (1 + dividend growth rate) = $10 x 1.06 = $10.6
g is the sustainable growth rate i.e. rate at which earnings and dividends can continue to grow indefinitely. It is calculated as:
g = retention rate * ROE
Multi-stage dividend discount model: used for companies with high growth rate over an initial few number of periods followed by a constant growth rate of dividends forever.
Dividends of a company are expected to grow at 15% per year for three years, after which they are expected to grow at a constant rate of 5% per year. The last dividend paid was $2. Calculate the value of the stock of this company if the required rate of return is 10%.
D1 = $2 x 1.15 = $2.3
D2 = $2.3 x 1.15 = $2.645
D3 = $2.645 x 1.15 = $3.042
D3 will grow at a constant growth rate of 5%. Hence,