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101 Concepts for the Level I Exam

Concept 98: Framework for Ethical Decision Making


A framework for ethical decision making can help people look at and assess a decision from different perspectives. This enables them to make good decisions, and to limit unplanned consequences.

A general ethical decision making framework has the following four steps:

  1. Identify: Relevant facts, stakeholders and duties owed, ethical principles, conflicts of interest.
  2. Consider: Situational influences, additional guidance, alternative actions.
  3. Decide and act.
  4. Reflect: Was the outcome as anticipated? Why or why not?